Borobudur, the Biggest Buddhist Temple
Borobudur – Who does not know Borobudur? Buddhist temple has a relief in 1460 and 504; Buddhist stupa in the complex. Signed by millions of people to visit the buildings included in this wonder World Heritage this. Not surprisingly, the function and architectural as worship place, Borobudur is exciting.
Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of the kings of ancient Mataram Kingdom, the descendant of Slendra dynasty. Built on the bedrock hill with nine platform takes 55,000 cubic meters of rock taken from the river neighbor, it is a wonderful work at its time, in the centuries around 8-9th. It has six rectangular shaped platform and three circular platforms. When you are looking from the construction of Borobudur temples is like a giant Buddha mandala. It has a pyramidal shape. It has its drainage system and it has no internal space. Its foundation is a square.
In a circular layer, there are a total of 72 bell shaped stupa. Hidden in all the stupa is a statue of Buddha in the sitting on crossed legs (lotus position). On top of the monument in a circular platform are 10M height concentrated last great stupa represents energy and perfection centers. Visitors can reach the top by the help of stairs that guided by lion statues on each side. There are many Buddhists galleries/ relief that when stretched for up to 5 kilometers on every wall of the first six platform.
Borobudur temple has interesting Buddhist philosophy that is reflected in its interesting architecture on amazing geometrical calculations. Unfortunately, there are many reliefs and statues are destruction, stolen and lost. (For example: in the 19th century during the Dutch colonization, there are a lot of statues taken from the site to be delivered as special gifts for King of Siam. Thus a lot of them as a gift can be held in the Museum Bangkok, Thailand.)
Borobudur keeps the mystery when it was built and how much tremendous work and workers need exactly why it was built and the reason for that is exactly what if it has been buried unfounded for centuries.
The Borobudur has gone through a major restoration program for 1907-1911 (under the government of the Netherlands) and 1973-1983 (by the UNESCO and Indonesian government). Now you can enjoy the wonder and the results of this ancient cultural heritage.
Standing on a hill above 123m Borobudur, you can see the mountain range in the north; the sun comes back around 5:30, coloring the sky with plate full colors of gray, dark blue, yellow, blue, red roses and white blue sky. With all the grandeur and mystery that is, when people are wise people came from all over the world Borobudur Temple as a place that should be visited in his life. Besides the temple, you can also go around the villages surrounding Borobudur, such as Wanurejo and fleet to learn citizens’ activities make the handicrafts. You can also go to the top Kendil people to see the panorama from the top of Borobudur. That’s all about Borobudur temple that you need to know.